Beginnings.

 

Probation started up in Boston in 1841, when John Augustus showed drunks kindness rather than to a prison cell. Rehabilitation was baked into probation from the start. The deal was set: lower recidivism in the future than incarceration, purchased at lower cost, offsetting any crimes committed during the term. 

 

It held for a century. Until it didn't.

 

gagliardo DOP chief
gagliardo DOP chief
Juvenile hearing 1955
Juvenile hearing 1955
Mary Finan and priest and lady
Mary Finan and priest and lady
John Augustus for site
John Augustus for site
Elizabeth gets probation
Elizabeth gets probation
NYS probation conference
NYS probation conference